Andy Warhol was a leading figure in the Pop Art movement. Like his contemporaries Roy Lichtenstein and Robert Rauschenberg, Warhol responded to mass-media culture of the 1960s. Andy Warhol silkscreens of cultural and consumer icons – including Marilyn Monroe, Elizabeth Taylor, Campbell’s Soup Cans, and Brillo Boxes – would make him one of the most famous artists of his generation.
Born Andrew Warhola on August 6, 1928 in Pittsburgh, PA, he graduated from the Carnegie Institute of Technology in 1949. Moving to New York to pursue a career in commercial illustration, the young artist worked for magazine such as Vogue and Glamour.
In 1964, Andy Warhol rented a studio loft on East 47th street in Midtown Manhattan which was later known as The Factory. The artist used The Factory as a hub for movie stars, models, and artists, who became fodder for his prints and films. The space also functioned as a performance venue for The Velvet Underground. During the 1980s, Warhol collaborated with several younger artists, including Jean-Michel Basquiat, Francesco Clemente, and Keith Haring.
Today, Andy Warhol‘s artworks are held in the collections of the Art Institute of Chicago, Museum of Modern Art in New York, and the Tate Gallery in London, among others.
A major retrospective of Andy Warhol‘s artworks took place at the Whiney Museum of Art in New York in 2019.